Start Dating the book of joshua

Dating the book of joshua

C., and thus there would be no objection raised to this anomaly, this would suggest a text created in either the 6th or 5th century B. It is my understanding that the Primary History (Genesis-2 Kings) was created ca.

Archaeological remains at el-Jib show that Gibeon was reconstructed in the early Iron Age (1200-900 BC)..." (The king of Arad is listed amongst the Canaanite kings defeated by Joshua (Jos ).

Arad, identified with tell Arad in the Negeb, did not exist in the Late Bronze period, It was a mighty walled city in the Early Bronze, being destroyed in late EB II, and essentially deserted by EB III with an abandonment until being resettled in Iron I."Early Bronze Age.

C."Since 1926 there have been many surveys at both el-Foqa and et-Tahta. The recent archaeological evidence from extensive on site surveys within modern Israel suggests for some scholars that Iron Age I (ca. C.) is the origin period of a "proto-Israelite" agrarian small farmstead culture that becomes urban in the Iron Age II (ca. C.) and definitely Israelite, with cities and towns. I find myself in agreement with most of his interpretations of the archaeological data.

The surveys have shown that the pottery chronologies at el-Foqa begin with LB, while at et-Tahta the earliest is Iron II... He noted 300 Iron Age I settlements were found in the hill-country stretching from Lower Gailee to the Negeb, most were new, not being built upon destoyed Late Bronze Age sites.

Indeed, the original settlers at Ai seem to have come to the highlands by way of the lowlands to the West and North instead of from the East...

The people at Ai would thus be part of the large population of villagers in the highlands that emerged as the Israel we know in the book of Judges." (Gibeon is portrayed as a city that forms an alliance with the Israelites and then seeks their help when the kings of Canaan unite to destroy it.

Given the occupational history and settlements of both cities, the Beth-horon of Joshua and of 1 Chronicles must be BOTH Beit Ur el-Foqa and Beit Ur et-Tahta." (Peterson may be in error about a Late Bronze Age occupation at Beit Ur el-Foqa as a surface survey of the site published in 1993 found NO LB sherds. This pottery displays no 'foreign' elements, no Egyptian reminiscences, and it is certainly not anything that one could connect with a 'nomadic lifestyle' (we have such distinctive pottery from later in the Iron Age, the ' Negebite ware').

What was found was a few Middle Bronze sherds, then Iron I and II: Boling, in referring to the list of Levitical cities distributed by Joshua, notes that archaeological surveys and excavations indicate this list can date no earlier than the 8th century B. (emphasis is mine): were likely to have been occupied, the trail leads directly to the eighth century... This is standard, domestic Canaanite-style pottery, long at home in western Palestine.

A number of sites mentioned in the Joshua narratives have been identified, excavated and their occupational parameters established by archaeologists. He associated the fallen wall with Joshua's attack.

In some cases it has been determined that a number of sites either did not exist or were abandoned in the biblical time frame for the "Conquest of Canaan" by the Israelites. Later excavations by Kenyon (1952-58) established that Garstang was in error, the fallen walls were of the Early Bronze Age, and that as many as 17 collapses had occurred in this time period (Jericho lies in a rift valley called the Arabah in the bible, and this valley is subject to earthquakes which accounted for the collapsing walls). She noted that Jericho had been destroyed several times, the Early Bronze city was destroyed by invaders in EB IV (called MB I by others), who built rude dwellings on the ruins. The only Late Bronze Age occupation was a single dwelling, no walled city, and this was abandoned before Joshua arrived.

Stratum IV was an unfortified village of the late EB I.